Dangers of Excessive Drinking in College

Since time immemorial, alcohol has played a major role in the lives of individuals across the globe. In some societies, alcohol has been used for religious, social and also for recreational purposes. However, most people, especially college students, have gone against the norm and are abusing alcohol with reckless abandon, which has eventually impacted on them negatively. Did you know that most students have their first sip of alcohol while in college? In this article, we shall delve deeper into this topic and find out how alcohol has taken a toll on the lives of many a college student and the adverse effects it has had on them. The following are the dangers of excessive drinking in college:

excessive drinking

Academic challenges

Excessive drinking results in major academic challenges to most students as reported by recent studies. One of the studies indicates that about one in every four college students reports academic consequences from excessive drinking, including missing classes, poor grades and generally falling behind in class. This is because most alcohol dependent students cannot concentrate in class due to the effect the alcohol creates on the active part of the brain, which generally results in inactivity throughout the day. This is usually worse among binge drinkers, due to a high concentration of alcohol in the brain.

Slow brain development

Excessive drinking among college students impacts negatively on the development of their brains. This is usually because most college students are aged between twenty-one and twenty-five and still have developing brains. This puts them at a greater risk for the alcohol poisoning and the dire consequences of drinking. This may result to underdeveloped brains, and eventual mental incompetence; this may eventually result in poor performance in their workplaces and eventually on their careers.


Unknown to many, prolonged alcohol consumption and overdependence eventually lead to addiction. This makes it impossible for the students to function without having a sip of their favorite drink. Failure to satisfy their urge to drink leads to severe withdrawal symptoms such as convulsions, dizziness, lack of appetite and severe fits.


Unknown to many, excessive drinking results in numerous accidents due to poor judgment normally exhibited by those who are inebriated. This is because alcohol suppresses the active part of the brain and results to semi-consciousness. This is usually severe among those people who drive under the influence of alcohol. Did you know that most accidents that occur on our roads are caused by drunk driving? This is very unfortunate, since most college students who engage in drunk driving pose a serious threat to other drivers. Accidents may also arise from falls, which normally result in serious injuries to the victims. This may result in temporary or permanent deformation of limbs.

Sexually transmitted infections

Furthermore, excessive drinking also results in sexually transmitted infections, since many college students usually engage in risky sexual behavior when under the influence of alcohol. Sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, genital herpes and the deadly HIV/AIDS are transmitted as a result of unprotected sex among college students who are under the influence of alcohol. These diseases usually require urgent attention since they may cause serious health complications to those who are infected; taking into consideration that something like genital herpes and HIV are caused by viruses and hence have no cure.

Poor health

Excessive alcohol consumption results in dire consequences pertaining to the health of college students who engage in the vice. Students who engage in this harmful habit may experience severe health complications, one of which includes cardiovascular problems. This is because periodic alcohol consumption weakens the heart and eventually results in its reduced pumping of blood. It also results in circulatory system complication including: Stroke, Heart failure, High blood pressure, Poisoning of the heart muscle cell (cardiomyopathy) and Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia).

Excessive alcohol consumption also takes a severe toll on the reproductive heath of college students. Most college students of the male gender are at a greater risk of developing erectile dysfunction. It can also inhibit hormone production, affect testicular function and eventually cause infertility. Shockingly, their female counterparts are not spared either; this is because excessive drinking makes them experience irregular menstruation and infertility. In the long run, excessive drinking increases their risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and stillbirth.

Moreover, excessive drinking among college students weakens their immune system which makes it hard for their bodies to fight off viruses, bacteria and all type of illnesses. Heavy drinkers are more susceptible to get pneumonia or tuberculosis, than those who do not drink heavily. Did you know that prolonged consumption of alcohol also increases your risk of getting cancer?

It also results in increased crime rate. It is known to many that excessive alcohol consumption makes a person more aggressive. This scenario is usually worsened when the person involved is a student. Most college students who abuse alcohol end up committing serious crimes ranging from pick-pocketing, shoplifting, mugging and even carjacking. Most of these students engage in these heinous activities so as to obtain the money to purchase more alcohol in order to satisfy their selfish needs; more so after they have run out of cash which mainly comes from their student loans.

Some of the short-term effects of alcohol include:Drowsiness, Slurring of speech, Lowering of body temperature and Sleep disruption.

Some of the long-term effects of excessive alcohol consumption on college students include: Blackouts, in which a drinker does not remember what happened while he or she was drinking. Temporary loss of consciousness, Loss of bladder and bowel control, Nausea and vomiting and Coma and death — this occurs as follows — an overdose of alcohol occurs when a person has a blood alcohol content sufficient to produce impairments. Overdose can range in severity, from problems with balance and slurred speech to coma or even death. The following factors affect individual drinking habits:
Age, The amount of food eaten, Drinking experience,  Ethnicity and Gender.

Recent research shows that college students are at a high risk of an an alcohol overdose since they normally take about five drinks at a time. This overwhelms the body’s ability to break down and clear alcohol from the bloodstream. This leads to rapid increase in blood alcohol content (BAC) and significantly impairs brain function.

The Bottom Line

The problem of excessive drinking among college students has reached alarming levels and the above article has expounded on its adverse effects on college students. It is high time students wake up from their reverie and combat alcohol abuse among them. Overcoming this vice will be a sure way for them to stay on top of their academic work and achieve a healthy academic and social balance.

Beat Excessive Drinking

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